The flag of the Marshall Islands was designed by Emlain Kabua in the 1970s. The blue background of the flag represents the Pacific Ocean, in which the Marshall Islands are scattered. The 24 pointed star represents the 24 municipalities of the Marshall Islands. The four longer points in the star represent the capital of Majuro, and the three subcenters, Ebeye (Kwajalein), Jaluit, and Wotje. These points also form a cross signifying the importance of Christianity in the Marshalls. The orange and white rays represent the two parallel chains: Ratak Chain (white) and Ralik Chain (orange). The rays extend and broaden upward to signify the increase and growth of vitality in the nation and the culture. The orange color also represents bravery in the customary sense, while the white color is adopted and represents peace.